Friday, 19 October 2012

About Mianwali, Pakistan

ATTMianwali (Punjabi, Urdu: میانوالی) is the capital city of Mianwali District and situated in the north-west of Punjab province, Pakistan. The city is located on the eastern bank of the Indus River. Thal canal traverses the city and makes the surroundings a picturesque place.
According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, the Mianwali city had a population of 85,000 inhabitants.[citation needed]
In November 1901, present day tehsils of Mianwali, Isa Khel and Piplan were separated from Bannu District and Districts Bhakkar and Layyah from Dera Ismail Khan District and clubbed together to form a new district named as Mianwali with its headquarters in Mianwali city. The municipal committee was founded in December 1903 and has remained operational since then.


The city has a FM Radio Station (FM 93), municipal library now called Professor Muhammad Feroz Shah Library, sports complex, and hockey stadium. There are several educational institutions from elementary to post-graduate level. .
The city has an airport built near the old World War II aerodrome and known as PAF Base Mianwali. It is one of the major operational and training air bases of the country. The No.1 Fighter Conversion Unit of the PAF is stationed here.
There is also a railway connecting the city with MultanLahore and Rawalpindi.
The main highways connecting the city to the other parts of the country include theSargodhaLahore road [N–60], MM Road (Mianwali–Muzaffargarh road),TalagangRawalpindi road, and the KalabaghBannu road [N–60].

Before the British rule, the area formed an integral portion of the Graeco–Bactrian Empire of Kabul and the Punjab.[1] During British rule, the Indian empire was subdivided into provinces, divisions and districts; afterward, the independence of Pakistan divisions remained the third tier of government until 2000. The British had made the town of Mianwali as tehsil headquarters of Bannu District then part of Dera Ismail Khan Division of Punjab province. The population of Mianwali, according to the 1901 census of India, was 3,591.[2]
In November 1901, the North-West Frontier Province was carved out of Punjab and the tehsils of Mianwali and Isa Khel, and were separated from Bannu District (Bannu became part of NWFP) and hence a new district was made with the headquarters in Mianwali city and placed in Punjab. The district became a part of Rawalpindi Division. There were four tehsils namely MianwaliIsa KhelBhakkar, and Layyah. Layyah was included in the Muzaffargarh District in 1909. The district became a part of Sargodha Division in 1961. Bhakkar Tehsil was separated from Mianwali District and was made a separate district inside Sargodha Division w.e.f. 01-07-1982.

Mianwali Languages and ethnicity
Rohi and awaankari dialect of Punjabi language is widely spoken by the people of Mianwali while Urdu is also spoken in the main city area as well as within the families living in and near Pakistan Air Force colony and Chashma colony. Pashtu is spoken by Pashtuncommunity.City of Mianwali is a mix community of Niazi, Jat, Awan and Syed tribes.
Notable people:
Amir Mohammad Khan
Amir Abdullah Khan Rokhri
Abdul Sattar Khan Niazi
Imran Khan
Attaullah Khan Esakhelvi
Sardar Muhammad Ahmed Khan Sumbal, 1893, Aide-de-camp to Prince of Wales at Buckingham Palace, England
Lt Col Muhammad Atta Ullah Khan Sumbal b: 1906 d: 1998
Captain Muhammad Hameed Ullah Khan Sumbal, Shaheed 1965 War.

Mianwali district covers an area of 5,840 square kilometres. The area in north is a continuation of the Pothohar Plateau and the Kohistan-e-Namak. The district consists of various towns, including Kalabagh, Isa Khel, Kundian, Paikhel, Piplan, Kamar Mushani, Mochh, Sawans, Rokhri, Harnoli, Musa Khel, ((alluwali)), Wan Bhachran, Daud Khel, Uttra Kalan and the district capital, Mianwali city.
Mianwali city is the capital of Mianwali district. It is the district's largest city, with a population of about 85,000 people. It is also the economic and commercial hub of the district.
Kundian is the second largest town, at a distance of 15 km from the city of Mianwali. Important sites such as Chashma Nuclear Power Plant (Chashnupp), Chashma Barrage, Kundian-Jehlum or Chashma-Jehlum Link Canal are located here.
Piplan is another important town and tehsil headquarters located in the southern part of the district.
Kalabagh is famous for the Kalabagh Dam, the Nawab of Kalabagh, the red hills of the salt range, and scenic views of the Indus River.
Isa Khel is another important town and tehsil headquarters located in the west of Mianwali. It is a historical town named after Isa Khan, a famous Niazi chief. It is also a home town of famous folk singer Attaullah Khan Essa Khailwi
Kamar Mushani is famous for its trade and minerals.
Tabbi Sar is another important town and the headquarters of Bangi Khel Tribe located in the southern part of the district. The people of Tabbi sar are king maker in District. Missar wala is the main village of Tabbi sar. Missar Wala is located from Tabbi sar south side. This village is very historical when they supported Shadi Khel than they are succeeded. When they supported Nawab of Kalabagh and Babli Khan when they are succeeded in this area.

About Mianwali Education:

Mianwali district has several educational institutions from elementary up to post-graduate level, affiliated with the University of the Punjab. A private Engineering College named as NAMAL College is affiliated with University of Bradford. There are numerous other private schools and colleges in the district.

Mianwali district has an extreme climate, with a long, hot summer season and cold, dry winters. Summer lasts from May to September and winter lasts from November till February. June is the hottest month with average temperatures of 42 °C (highest recorded temperature 52 °C); in winter, December and January monthly average temperatures can be as low as 3 to 4 °C. The average rainfall in the district is about 385 mm.